Upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT)

UPRT is short for upset prevention and recovery training

  • Upset
  • Prevention
  • Recovery
  • Training

Our aim is to make this really, really simple. So let us guide you about UPRT.

First of all. Aviation is full of acronyms and words and phrases. That makes it difficult for an outsider to undestand what is being talked about.

Let’s start with this one. Upset has nothing to do with emotions. When you talk about “upset” in aviation you are talking about the aircraft being in a non-normal state.

Historically “upset” had a definiton of how many degrees up, down, left, right the aircraft was away from normal. Now the definition has been updated to a much simpler definition.

An upset is anytime the aircraft is deviating from its intended path.

When you talk about “path” it is the aircraft flight path. Path is how you fly the aircraft. So if you plan to fly straight and level, that is the “intended path”. So let’s imagine the aircraft suddenly made a turn, climb or descent that you had not commanded. This would be an upset.

UPRT focuses on two things. First prevention. This is about do you avoid getting into trouble. Second recovery. If you do get into trouble, how do you get out of it.

Upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) why do you need it?

You need it because in 2019 it became an EASA requirement for:

  • single-pilot class or type ratings operated in multi-pilot operations
  • high performance single-pilot complex aeroplanes
  • multi-pilot aeroplanes

The UPRT requirement is only for your first typerating.

The background for upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT)

Let us introduce another acronym. Loss of control in flight (LOC-I). LOC-I is the single largest cause of commercial aircraft accidents and fatalities.

Here are two accidents involving LOC-I:

This IATA report looked at 64 accidents of LOC-I between 2009 and 2018. 94% of LOC-I involved fatalities to passengers and/ or flight crew. UPRT is considered to be a mitigation against LOC-I and that is the background for UPRT. Here are two working committees LOCART and ICATEE that recommended UPRT.

  • LOCART – Loss of Control Avoidance and Recovery Training
  • ICATEE – International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes

If you want to read a little more, click on this link to the LOCART and ICATEE report.

3 options for upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT)

There are 3 options for UPRT

  • basic UPRT
  • advanced UPRT course
  • class-or type-related UPRT

If you take your EASA commercial pilot training modular there is only a requirement for you to have the basic UPRT. But if you start EASA commercial pilot training integrated there is a requirement to do the advanced UPRT. The Class or type related UPRT will be part of the training and not something you need to complete beforehand.

What is the difference between basic and advanced upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT)?

Basic UPRT is you doing manoeuvres like steep turns, spiral dives, unusual attitudes and stall recovery. Historically this has always been part of pilot training. The shift is that there is now more emphasis on the prevention and recognition of upsets as well as the recovery manoeuvres.

Requirements: There are no special aircraft or instructor requirements for Basic UPRT.

Advanced UPRT is to expose pilots to:

  • “physiological and psychological effects of dynamic upsets” 
  • “develop the resilience and competence to recover from such upsets”

The course will involve exposure to the whole range of attitudes and g-forces that a pilot could experience during an upset.

Requirements: The course generally has to be conducted in an aerobatic category aircraft with a specially qualified instructor.

Where can you get advanced upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) and what is the price?

There are multiple options for advanced UPRT within each EASA state. In our research we found it a little difficult to find prices for the actual courses. Most providers of upset prevention and recovery training want you to contact them. Therefor we have included some price examples for the advanced course.

To avoid transportation and accommodation cost we suggest you contact your local EASA commercial flying school for a quote. The price is likely to vary depending on which aircraft type they use for the aerobatic flying.

The advanced UPRT course is usually something you can complete in a few days but of course aerobatic flying requires nice weather conditions.

Would you like to have some help?

To get coaching or perhaps just a free advice, write to us on contact@askapilot.net or call us on +45 5352 7700.

If you are considering to become a pilot, we recommend you to read our e-book How do I become a Pilot e-book.

We hope that you have enjoyed this blog about upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) and that you found it useful.

Happy landings

Ask A Pilot