Question

A pilot flying IFR is under what Flight Rules? I answered this question with Instrument Flight Rules but I was told that was wrong.


Answer

This is an interesting one “A pilot flying IFR is under what Flight Rules?” and if you have more information we would be happy to do some more digging.
This is something we do know:
You can fly IFR without a flight plan but you cannot fly IFR without an ATC clearance.
An IFR flight can also perform a visual or circling approach that includes a segment where there is a requirement for the pilot to have visual contact with the ground and the runway environment in sight (to leave the circling minima). In the event of a go around from such visual procedures, the missed approach procedure may bring the aircraft back into IFR conditions. In this situation there is no need to obtain an IFR clearance but in our experience it can cause some confusion if for example the aeroplane (during a go-around from a circling) is making a climbing turn towards the field. It is not unlikely that ATC will start issuing an alternative missed approach clearance to make life easier for everyone. In case of a flight that ends with a visual or a circling the whole flight would be classed (and logged) as an IFR flight. In Europe we tend not to log actual IFR hours but in the US you may keep track of actual IFR time.
In regards to solving your mystery one (correct) answer could be relating to ATC clearance as this is something that IFR flights are always bound by. Without knowing the other answer options or more details it is however a bit difficult to determine who was right and wrong.
Maybe we have some readers that can help with this one? Feel free to comment.
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